The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) were adopted by the state of Illinois over 3 years ago and must be fully implemented during the 2016-2017 school year. These standards signal a significant shift in science education. The concepts build from K-12 grade and focus on having a deeper understanding of content as well as application in the real world. The shifts also integrate engineering into the K-12 curriculum with an emphasis on preparing students for college, career, and citizenship. The new standards are aligned to both Common Core Math and English Language Arts. With the shift in science education also comes a shift in science assessments which are now given in 5th and 8th grade statewide. The standards aim to increase student’s 21st century skills moving beyond knowing science to doing science.